SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT FAQ'S
1. What Is Integrated Solid Waste Management?
Integrated Solid Waste Management (ISWM) is a comprehensive waste prevention, recycling, composting, and disposal program. An effective ISWM system considers how to prevent, recycle, and manage solid waste in ways that most effectively protect human health and the environment. ISWM involves evaluating local needs and conditions, and then selecting and combining the most appropriate waste management activities for those conditions.
2. What is recycling?
Recycling is a process that involves collecting, reprocessing, and/or recovering certain waste materials (e.g., glass, metal, plastics, paper) to make new materials or products. Some recycled organic materials are rich in nutrients and can be used to improve soils.
3. What is Anaerobic digestion?
It is a controlled process involving microbial decomposition of organic matter in the absence of oxygen.
4. What is Aerobic digestion?
It is a process involving microbial decomposition of organic matter in presence of oxygen.
5. What are Biodegradable substances?
The substance that can be degraded by microorganisms.
6. What is composting?
It is a process of converting organic matter to manure by microorganisms.
7. What is vermin composting?
It is a process which involve earthworms for conversion of biodegradable waste into compost.
8. What is vermicomposting?
Vermicomposting is the process of feeding of earthworms with organic waste and conversion of this waste material into vermicompost - organic manure by the earthworms. It is the accelerated and controlled decomposition of organic waste, using composting worms and mesophilic bacteria active in the temperature range of 20 degC to 45 degC.
What is vermiculture?
10. What are the different kinds of vermiculture systems for disposal of organic waste?
Vermiculture / vermicompost systems can be classified into windrow based, pit based and continuous flow in-vessel systems.
11. What is the waste processing period of Vermigold Tat-G organic digester?
The Vermigold Tat-G Organic Digester has a very fast waste processing period of 7-14 days.
12. What is organic waste or biodegradable waste/wet garbage?
Organic waste or biodegradable waste / wet garbage means waste of plant and animal origin. It includes kitchen waste including: tea leaves, egg shells, fruit and vegetable peels, cooked food scraps, meat and bones, garden waste including leaves and grass, carton waste, cardboard waste and paper waste. These types of wastes are 100% recyclable and comprise around 67% of the solid waste in a residential complex or hotel.
13. Can installation of this system enable us to comply with the various environmental regulations?
Installation of the Vermigold on-site waste management system enables you to comply with the Govt. of India, Ministry of Environment and Forests (MOEF), EIA environmental clearance for new large construction projects and any other local municipal regulation for disposal of solid waste in an environmentally responsible manner.
What kind of earthworms are used in the digester? Can these
earthworms process both vegetarian and non-vegetarian food waste?
15. Is vermicomposting an Environmentally sound technology?
It is an Environmentally Sound Technology (EST) according to the criteria defined by the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP). They define an EST as being less polluting, using resources in a sustainable manner, recycling more of their wastes and products and handling all residual wastes in a more environmentally acceptable way than the technologies for which they are substitutes. Vermicomposting has significant advantages over other waste disposal methods such as composting, landfill and incineration according to the criteria defined by the UNEP.
Why is vermigold waste-crusher required to assist the digester?
17. How much power does the vermigold waste – crusher require?
The Waste-Crusher runs on a 5/10 HP motor and requires a three phase power point.
18. Is the digester based vermiculture system successful under Indian condition?
The Vermigold on-site waste management systems have been successfully running at various locations in India from March 2004.
What about pests?
20. What is e-waste?
E-waste is electronic waste - the result of discarded electronic equipment. It includes a broad and growing range of electronic devices from computers to hand-held cellular phones, stereos, consumer electronics, and monitors. Unfortunately, electronic waste is among the fastest growing segments of our nation's waste stream.
21. Why is e-waste a problem?
As technology rapidly evolves, people are constantly upgrading to new equipment, and retiring their old equipment. The typical electronic product may contain more than 1,000 different substances, some of which are potentially hazardous to human and environmental health. If old equipment is not properly recycled, these substances could seep into air, soil, and water. The characteristics, scale and complexity of the e-waste situation create a significant challenge.
hazardous materials are in electronic products?
23 How these e-wastes are harmful to our environment?
Electronic components assemblies often contain a variety of heavy metals and other substances like Cadmium, lead, mercury, antimony, arsenic etc. If these materials are released into earth or water they can be dangerous to the environment and the living beings around, in a long term.
recyclable materials are in electronics products?
electronic equipment is recyclable?
Lead is uniquely capable of meeting the stringent performance standards required by current technology. Tin-lead solder is primarily used to connect electronic components because of its flexibility and durability under normal and extreme conditions of use. CRTs contain leaded glass to protect users from exposure to harmful radiation that's normally generated by the picture tube.
Laptop computers, digital cameras, and flat-panel TVs include small mercury-containing lamps that provide energy-efficient illumination, for which there currently is no cost-effective alternative.